Fall 2016 Readings

 


The Philosophy of Augustine and Aquinas


 

November 3 – Augustine:  What is Evil?

Readings:  Augustine-on-Evil
Assignment: 250 Word Project Proposal for your FINAL ESSAY  (Final-essay-on-virtue).  Decide upon which virtue you want to research, and why you find this virtue interesting for a discussion of the good life.  Regarding the Augustine reading, read carefully making notes on major points.  The first essay is a philosophical explanation of evil.  The second is a first hand description of a childhood memory.  The third is Augustine’s intellectual journey that took him to arrive at the first essay.
In-Class: Outlining a philosophical argument.

November 8  – Aquinas: What is Evil?

Readings: Aquinas-on-Evil
Assignment: Read slowly, carefully, making notes on major points.  800 word draft of final essay due.  
In-Class: Analysis of Aquinas’ argument

November 10 – Augustine:  What is Love?

Readings: The Cave and the Light, chapt 11. Augustine Readings:  Augustine-on-love
Assignment: Read slowly, carefully, making notes on major points.
In-Class: Small  Group Led discussion on the chapter.

November 15 – Aquinas: What is Virtue?

ReadingsAquinas on the Virtues
Assignment: Read slowly, carefully, making notes on major points.
In-Class: Establishment of the nature of the virtues, and specifically the cardinal virtues.

November 17 – Aquinas: What is Virtue?

ReadingsAquinas on the Virtues
Assignment: Read slowly, carefully, making notes on major points.
In-Class: Argument for the nature of the theological virtues 

November 22 – Aquinas:  The Nature of Law

Readings2010 Aquinas-on-Law
Assignment: Read slowly, carefully, making notes on major points.
In-Class: Clarifying the distinctions between different kinds of law and their relationship to virtue.

November 29 -Augustine and Aquinas:  What is Happiness?

ReadingsKenny-on-Happiness; (Read from the start through the section on “Happiness as a Gift of God.) Then read this Aquinas-on-Happiness
Assignment: Read slowly, carefully, making notes on major points.
In-Class

December 1 -Exam on Augustine and Aquinas

Readings: None

December 6 – Final Projects

Readings: As assigned
Assignment: Presentations on Chapters from The Cave and the Light
In-Class: Conversation and Debate

December 8 – Final Projects

Readings: As assigned
Assignment: Presentations on the summary of your paper: Pose the guiding question, why you set up the argument the way you did, and what your thesis is.
In-Class:  Conversation and Debate

 

FINAL EXAM:  Due, Thursday, December 15 at 12:00 pm

The exam is here:  Final Exam f16

FINAL ESSAY: Due Monday by 5:00 pm


 

September 1  – Introduction

Readings: Kekes “Considering Good Lives”; Pieper – Learning How to See AgainJaeger – Athens – 4th Century (Read just 1st chapter).
Assignment: 2010 – Diagnostic Essay
In-Class: Getting an sense of ancient philosophy through the readings and your writings.


The Philosophy of Plato


LIVING WELL


September 6  – What is Justice?

citingReadings: Hadot “Socrates”;  Plato’s Republic:  “Introduction” p. 1-46 (for those without the Desmond Lee translation, this is equivalent to #327-362.  <– these numbers should be on the side margins of your edition).
Assignment: Read slowly, carefully, making notes on major points.   This is probably your first reading of Plato, which can be both enjoyable and difficult.  Your goal is to get to know the method that Socrates uses to think with his companions.  The Lee translation helps you by giving you summaries of some of the main ideas, but the main point is to learn to recognize how Socrates asks questions.
In-Class: Brief Lecture on the Republic.  Discussion of Plato’s basic questions in chapter 1.

September 8 – What is a City?

Readings: HermanThe Cave and the LightPrologue and Chapter 1, Plato’s Republic:  “Preliminaries” p. 47-66 in Lee translation.
Assignment: Read slowly, carefully, making notes on major points.  Be ready to summarize the main points Socrates makes in his creation of a city and its guardians.
In-Class: Summary of previous class, and Discussion on What is a City?

September 13 – What is Education?

Readings: HermanThe Cave and the LightPrologue and Chapter 2, Plato’s Republic:  “Preliminaries” p. 47-66 in Lee translation.
Assignment: Read slowly, carefully, making notes on major points.  Be ready to summarize the main points Socrates makes in his creation of a city and its guardians.
In-Class: Summary of previous class, and Discussion on What is a City?

September 15 – What is Virtue?

Readings: Plato’s Republic:  “Education: The First Stage” p. 67-99 in Lee translation.
Assignment: Read slowly, carefully, making notes on major points.
In-Class:Summary of previous class, and Discussion on what is a Education?


THINKING WELL


 

September 20 – What is Real?

Readings: The Cave and the Light, Chapter 4.  Plato, Republic:  “Guardians and Auxilliaries” and “Justice in State and Individual”” p. 97-156 in Lee translation.  (Plato # 412-499).
Assignment: Read slowly, carefully, making notes on major points.
In-Class: QUIZ

September 22 – What is Real?

Readings: Plato, Republic:  Plato # 499-457b)  “The Philosopher Ruler” p. 189-225 in Lee translation.  (Plato # 471-502c).
Assignment: Read slowly, carefully, making notes on major points.  Be ready to summarize the main points Socrates makes the character and qualities of a philosopher.
In-Class:

September 27 – What is Love?

Readings: Plato, Republic: “The Philosopher Ruler” p. (225-248) in Lee translation.  (Plato # 502d-521b); Symposium Selection.  Also review chapter Two of “The Cave and the Light.”
Assignment: Consider that these three passages summarize Plato’s definition of the philosopher.  Write a 700-750 word essay answering the question “Who is a philosopher?” in terms of the particular virtues of character that make one a philosopher.
In-Class: Assessment of Plato’s definition of a philosopher, and student ideas on its defining character.

September 29 – What is Death?

Readings: Plato, Republic: “The Philosopher Ruler” p. (225-248) in Lee translation.  (Plato # 502d-521b):  Read about the Forms and the Immortality of the Soul in the Phaedo 96b – 107.   The full text can be found here, but just read the designated section.
Assignment: Read slowly, carefully, making notes on major points.
In-Class: Discussion


The Philosophy of Aristotle


 

October 4 – What is a Cause?

ReadingsThe Cave and the Light:  Chapter 4 “The Doctor’s Son”; Aristotle-Metaphysics
Assignment: DUE:  Final 1000-1200 word essay on “Who is a philosopher?” in light of your readings of Plato.
In-Class: Transition from Plato to Aristotle and Discussion of Aristotelian Causality.

October 6 – What is a Soul?  

Readings: Aristotle’s “On the Soul”
Assignment: Read carefully.
In-Class: Discussion of the nature of life and a soul.

October 11  – What is Good?

Readings: Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics:  Introduction and Book 1.
Assignment: Be able to answer three questions:  1)  How do the first few pages indicate Aristotle’s “teleological ethic”?  2)  What does Aristotle say about happiness?  3) How is virtue defined in terms of function?

October 13 – What is a Virtue?

Readings: Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics:  Book 2. 
Assignment: Turn in 2 page outline of Book 1.
In-Class: Discussion to Understand Aristotle’s approach to Happiness, Rationality, and Virtue.

October 18- What is Friendship?

Readings: The Cave and the Light:  Chapter 5.  Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics:  Book 3 (Chapt. 1-9) and Book VIII (Chapt. 1-8)
Assignment: Read slowly, carefully, making notes on major points.
In-Class: Analysis of the Virtues of Courage and Friendship

October 20  – What is Friendship?

Readings: C.S. Lewis, “Friendship”
Assignment: Watch “A River Runs Through It”  Take notes on how the characters in this movie model habit, virtue, wisdom, and friendship.
CLASS WILL NOT MEET.

October 25 – What is Happiness?

Readings:Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics:  Book 9 (selections) and 10: chapters 6-end
Assignment: Read slowly, carefully, making notes on major points.  Be ready to summarize the main points of the relationship between love of others and love of self.
In-Class: Discussion and Movie Analysis

October 27 – Conclusion to Aristotle

Readings:Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics:  Book 9 (selections) and 10: chapters 6-end
Assignment: Read slowly, carefully, making notes on major points.
In-Class: EXAM ON ARISTOTLE WILL BE HANDED OUT

November 1 – Transitions to Medieval Philosophy:  Biblical Readings

ReadingsThe Cave and the Light, chapter 9-10.  Bible Readings:  John 1; 1st John; Matthew 5-7; Romans 5-6; Phillipians 4:4-end.  (These can all be found online if you don’t have a bible).
Assignment: ARISTOTLE EXAM DUE:  Exam is found here:  Exam-on-Aristotle
In-Class: Discussion of the Essay on Virtue and the library sources available.